Tangible Cultural Heritage In Iran
Persepolis-Prominent old capital of Achaemenid Empire of Persia under the Darius the Great,near Shiraz
Persepolis (1979) , the capital of the Achaemenid Empire, is no doubt the main attraction that lures tourists to Iran. Persepolis which means "city of Persians" established by King Cyrus the Great in 518 BC and finished by his son Cambyses II and grandson Darius the Great over the course of 150 years.
Pasargadae-Glorious ancient residence of Achaemenian kings and Tomb of Cyrus the Great,located in southwestern Iran
Pasargadae (2004) it is located 50 kilometers from Shiraz and was the first capital of the Achaemenid Empire in the 6th century B.C., founded by Cyrus the Great. Ruins of the palaces, gardens and citadel remain, but the main feature is the mausoleum of Cyrus the Great which is the exceptional royal Achaemenid art and architecture.
ChoghaZanbil Ziggurat (1979)- Ruined elamite temple complex near old city of Sush (Susa) in Khuzestan province
The first Iranian site registered with UNESCO, Chogha Zanbil is a 13th-century BC Elamite ziggurat in the Khuzestan province. This was the holy city of the Kingdom of Elam and made of Baked bricks with cuneiform inscriptions.
Shushtar Historical Hydraulic System(2009)-A huge tunnels to take advantage of water from Achaemenid to Sassanid periods
This is an irrigation system dating back to the 5th century BC and is one of the most amazing feats of engineering. It includes a series of huge tunnels and dams and two main canals on karun river; All these work together as a Hydraulic system to supply water to the mills and also to provide water to the city.
Shoosh/Shush (Susa City) (2015) - Among the greatest cities of ancient Persia
this ancient city was the capital of Elam the administrative capital of Achaemenid king from 522 B.C. It currently consists of three archaeological mounds.
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran (2008)- A great sample of Armenian architecture and tradition
Armenian Monastic Ensembles of Iran (2008) this masterpiece is an ensemble of three Armenian churches: Saint Thaddeus Cathedral and St Stepanos and the Chapel of Dzordzor, which were established during the period between the 7th and 14th centuries A.D.
Bam Citadel and its Cultural Landscape (2004) -The largest adobe building in the world
Bam and its Cultural Landscape (2004) this ancient desert city of the southern Kerman province situated in a desert environment on the southern edge of the Iranian high plateau. The citadel is the largest adobe building in the world and rose to importance from the 7th to 11th centuries. The origins of Bam can be traced back to the Achaemenid Empire (6th to 4th centuries BC), however the citadel of bam dates back to over 2000 years ago.
Behistun / Bisotun Inscription (2006)- A relief giving the same text in three languages showing the story of King Darius' conquests
Bisotun (2006) which means "the place of God" is a multilingual inscription (Old Persian, Elamite, and Babylonian) on a cliff at Mount Behistun in the Kermanshah Authored by Darius the Great.
Cultural Landscape of Maymand (2015)- located in south-eastern Iran
Cultural Landscape of Maymand (2015) it is a semi-arid area at the end of a valley in the Central District of Shahrbabak County, Kerman Province, Iran. Houses curved in the mountain and they are home to semi-nomadic people.
Gonbad Kavus (2012)- The 53 m high tomb is the outstanding architectures of the Islamic era
Which built in ad 1006 for Qābus Ibn Voshmgir, in Ziyarid era. The tower of Qabus or kavus is a cylindrical tomb tower made of unglazed fired bricks with a diameter of 17–15.5 m, topped by a conical brick roof and decorated with two rows of Kufic inscription.
Golestan Palace (2013) - Outstanding example of Qajar art and architecture
Golestan Palace (2013) the lavish Golestan Palace is a masterpiece of the Qajar dynasty, decorated with beautifully painted tiles, Persian crafts and architecture with Western influences.
Dasht-e Lut (2016) - A large salt desert
it is the first natural site to be listed in UNESCO in 2016. Reportedly laying claim to the hottest land surface temperatures ever recorded, an astonishing 70.7 degrees.
Sasanian Archaeological Landscape of Fars Region (2018) - The eight archaeological sites situated in three geographical areas in the southeast of Fars Province
Firuzabad, Bishapur and sarvestan this region includes different monuments Like: palaces, forts and reliefs, city planes and architectural structures related to Sasanian Empire (224 to 658 CE).
Jameh Mosque of Isfahan ( Friday Mosque) (2012)
It is Located to the north of the Grand Bazaar, in city of Isfahan and Dating back to the 8th Century. Jameh Mosque has undergone numerous remodeling and renovations over the centuries. This extraordinary piece of beauty is renowned for the glazed tile works.
Naqsh-e Jahan Square(1979)
Situated at the center of the city of Isfahan which was constructed between 1598 and 1629 by Shah Abbas the Great. The square is 160 meters wide by 560 meters long and is surrounded by a series of two-storey arcades from the Safavid era. It also includes other impressive monuments such as Ali Qapu Palace, the Sheikh Lotf Allah Mosque, the Abbasi Great Mosque and the Isfahan Grand Bazaar.
Shahr-e Sukhteh(2014)-means Burnt City
It is an archaeological site of Bronze Age in Sistan and Baluchistan Province. The remains of the mudbrick city represent the emergence of the first complex societies in eastern Iran.Shahr-e Sukhteh and its civilization has more than 5000 years history.
Sheikh Safi al-din Khānegāh and Shrine Ensemble in Ardabil (2010)
located in the northwestern city of Ardabil, Sheikh Safi al-Din is the eponymous mosque of the leader of Sufi mysticism.
the dome of Soltanieh was constructed in the 14th century under the order of Uljayto in the city of Soltanieh, the capital of the Ilkhanid dynasty. The octagonal building is crowned with a 50 m tall double-shell brick dome covered in turquoise-blue faience and surrounded by eight slender minarets.
Grand Bazaar of Tabriz(2010)
The oldest bazaars of Middle East and the largest covered bazaars of the world, is located in the center of Tabriz. Due to Tabriz’s strategic location along the Silk Road, it has long been an important hub of trade.
Throne of Solomon (Takht-e Soleyman)(2003)
Takht-e soleyman or throne of solomon is an archeological site in west Azerbaijan that dates back to Sasanian Empire.It contains a Zoroastrian fire temple (6th and 7th centuries) in a citadel which was home to the one of the three Great fires.
Persian Qanat (2016) -Old underground water channel
The qanat was an ancient water management system has been invented in Iran, which dates back to the pre-Achamenid era. It was a way to resolve their water needs in arid regions of Iran.
Yazd (Historical City) (2017)
Historic City of Yazd (2017)The desert city of Yazd is located in the middle of the Iranian plateau, It’s known for its mud-brick Old City peppered with wind towers, enchanting lanes, traditional houses, Qanat system, Zoroastrian temples, zurkhaneh (a traditional gym).
Caspian Hyrcanian mixed forests
Hyrcanian Forests (2019) it is a zone of lush and montane forests covering about 55,000 square kilometres (21,000 sq mi) along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea dates back 25 to 50 million years. It represents examples of the various stages and features of Hyrcanian forest ecosystems.
The Persian Garden (2011). This is a special type of art, architecture and structure of a garden that Iranians invented and designed which is like an earthly paradise. It includes nine gardens from various regions of Iran.
Persian Pasargadae garden
Dowlat abad garden
Abbas abad garden